Dental Specialties

Some dentists undertake further training after their initial degree in order to specialize. Exactly which subjects are recognized by dental registration bodies varies according to location.


Examples include:

  1. Endodontics (also called endodontology) – Root canal therapy and study of diseases of the dental pulp and periapical tissues.

  2. Forensic odontology – The gathering and use of dental evidence in law. This may be performed by any dentist with experience or training in this field. The function of the forensic dentist is primarily documentation and verification of identity.

  3. Geriatric dentistry or Geriodontics – The delivery of dental care to older adults involving the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of problems associated with normal aging and age-related diseases as part of an interdisciplinary team with other health care professionals.

  4. Oral and maxillofacial pathology – The study, diagnosis, and sometimes the treatment of oral and maxillofacial related diseases.

  5. Oral and maxillofacial surgery (also called oral surgery) – Extractions, implants, and surgery of the jaws, mouth and face.[nb 1]

  6. Oral biology – Research in dental and craniofacial biology

  7. Oral Implantology – The art and science of replacing extracted teeth with dental implants.

  8. Oral medicine – The clinical evaluation and diagnosis of oral mucosal diseases

  9. Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics – The straighten teeth and modification of midface and mandibular growth.

  10. Pediatric dentistry (also called pedodontics) – Dentistry for children

  11. Periodontology (also called periodontics) – The study and treatment of diseases of the periodontium (non-surgical and surgical) as well as placement and maintenance of dental implants

  12. Prosthodontics (also called prosthetic dentistry) – Dentures, bridges and the restoration of implants. Some prosthodontists further their training in "oral and maxillofacial prosthodontics", which is the discipline concerned with the replacement of missing facial structures, such as ears, eyes, noses, etc.

  13. Special needs dentistry (also called special care dentistry) – Dentistry for those with developmental and acquired disabilities.


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